Statement on the double assassination, physical aggression, and the dangerous situation faced by communities in the Ixquisis region, Guatemala
We, the below signed organizations, collectives, and people, express our deep concern about the dangerous situation faced by the communities and human rights defenders of the Ixquisis region, San Mateo Ixtatán, Huehuetenango, Guatemala.
Since 2009, land and environmental defenders in the Ixquisis region have faced human rights violations in the context of their opposition to the hydroelectric projects San Andrés, Pojom I, and Pojom II. The three projects are promoted by the company Energía y Renovación S.A. (formerly known as PDH S.A.) which is currently the property of the Mata Monteros and Mata Castillo families, linked to the corporation The Central America Bottling Corporation (CABCORP), and which is financed by the private arm of the Inter-American Development Bank, BID Invest, the Central American Bank for Economic Integration (BCIE) and Cordiant Cap, a Canadian financial intermediary, which manages funds from the German bank KfW, among others.
Since May of this year, the Peaceful Resistance of Ixquisis has carried out a series of public actions, demonstrations, and marches to reiterate their opposition to hydroelectric projects in their territory. Currently, there are three injunctions against the operating licenses of the Pojom II hydroelectric plant, which are awaiting resolution in national courts. In June, the communities of Ixquisis received the Front Line Defenders award in recognition of their collective efforts and peaceful struggle. In August, the affected communities filed a formal complaint with the IDB’s Independent Consultation and Investigation Mechanism (MECI), requesting the investigation and withdrawal of their investment due to non-compliance with the bank’s own operating policies.
In this context, human rights organizations that accompany the case have observed a significant increase in defamation and aggression against the Peaceful Resistance and the local population, culminating in the murders of two Peaceful Resistance members, brothers Neri Esteban Pedro and Domingo Esteban Pedro, on December 16th. Their bodies were found on the edge of the Yal Witz River, near the San Andrés hydroelectric, along the Northern Transversal Strip, showing bullet wounds to the head. This incident brings to mind the murder of Sebastián Alonso Juan, who died as a result of a shooting during a peaceful demonstration in January 2017; to date, this murder still that has not been clarified.
In addition to this double murder, the following incidents from 2018 deserve mention:
- July and October: Violation of the right to peaceful demonstration and the right to free movement by the PNC, as well as excessive use of force against protesters, resulting in six injured, three of whom required hospitalization.
- October 12: On this day, two members of the Peaceful Resistance suffered armed attacks; Alfonso Miguel Francisco Pedro, from the town of Pojom required hospitalization for seven days.
- October 20 and November 7: harassment and use of tear gas against community members, causing tear gas intoxication in children and a pregnant woman.
- December 9: physical aggression against Lucas Jorge García, President of the Second Level Development Council of the Ixquisis Region, and against two women in his family, one of whom was pregnant. Two men attacked the environmental defender in his home, hitting him on the head with sticks and stones. When his daughter Maria Jorge Gómez and daughter-in-law, Ana Gómez Domingo, tried to defend him, they were also beaten.
The constant campaign to defame and discredit the Peaceful Resistance, which has gone on for more than a year, has increased in intensity, also affecting allied organizations like the Plurinational Government of the Akateko, Chuj, Popti, Q’anjob’al, and Mestizo peoples, with a particular focus on one of its coordinators, Rigoberto Juárez.
At the beginning of November 2018, the media announced the signing of an alleged “Agreement for Peace and Development” in the municipality of San Mateo Ixtatán, an agreement that is the main result of the conclusion of a dialogue process held only between actors in favor of the hydroelectrics and with direct links to the company Energía y Renovación, S.A.. The legitimacy of this agreement and the representativeness of the people who signed the agreement in the name of the Ixquisis region has been questioned repeatedly by the Peaceful Resistance of Ixquisis, which has seen an increase in attacks since the dialogue process began.
In view of this gravely dangerous situation, the undersigned organizations, collectives, and people express our solidarity with the defenders of the Ixquisis region, and call on:
- The Attorney General’s Office to investigate and prosecute the material and intellectual authors responsible for all the attacks committed against the Peaceful Resistance of Ixquisis, including the physical aggression against Lucas Jorge García, President of the Second Level Development Council of the Ixquisis Region, and the murders of brothers Neri Pedro Esteban and Domingo Pedro Esteban, and Sebastián Alonso Juan.
- The State of Guatemala to take all necessary measures to guarantee Ixquisis community members’ life and integrity, as well as their right to demand and defend rights.
- The State of Guatemala to take all necessary measures to guarantee that women enjoy lives free of violence and to take specific protection measures for the women community leaders in the Ixquisis region.
- The Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of the Interior to comply with the withdrawal of state security forces, namely the National Civil Police and the Guatemalan Army, from the private facilities where the company Energía y Renovación, owner of the hydroelectric projects being constructed in the Ixquisis region, operates, in order to guarantee the independence of the public forces stationed in the Ixquisis region.
- The international community in Guatemala to closely observe human rights defenders’ situation through visits to the territory.
- The international financial institutions involved in financing these hydroelectrics to adopt measures that ensure that their investments are going towards projects that fully respect human rights and fundamental freedoms.
December 20, 2018
Accountability Counsel, U.S.
Alerte Honduras, France
Asamblea Departamental de Huehuetenango (ADH), Guatemala
Asociación Ambiente y Sociedad, Colombia
Asociación Civil El Observador, Guatemala
Asociación Interamericana para la Defensa del Ambiente (AIDA), Regional
ALIANZAS Unitarian Universalist Church of Arlington, U.S.
American Jewish World Service, U.S.
Asociación Civil Verdad y Vida, Guatemala
Asociación para la Justicia y Reconciliación (AJR), Guatemala
Asociación para la Promoción y el Desarrollo de la Comunidad (CEIBA), Guatemala
Bank Information Center, U.S.
Bank Information Center Europe, Regional
BC CASA-Cafe Justicia, Canada
Both Ends, Holland
Anne Bordatto, Guatemala
Lorena Bugueño, Chile
Cadena para un Retorno Acompañado (CAREA), Germany
Carlos Alfaro Aldana, Guatemala
Carlos Salamanca, Investigador Adjunto Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, (CONICET), Argentina
Catalyst Project, U.S.
Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL), U.S.
Center for Participatory Change, U.S.
Alejandro R. Chan S. Politólogo, Guatemala
Chicago Religious Leadership Network on Latin America, U.S.
Sandra Elizabeth Chuc Norato, Guatemala
CISPES, the Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador, U.S.
Collectif Guatemala, France
Colectivo Madreselva, Guatemala
Columban Mission Center, U.S.
Comite Campesino del Altiplano-CCDA, Guatemala
Comité por los derechos humanos en América Latina (CDHAL), Canada
Community Alliance for Global Justice (CAGJ), U.S.
Consejo Mam te Txe Chman San Marcos, Guatemala
Consejo De Mujeres Mayas Ixmucane, Guatemala
Consejo de Pueblos Wuxhtaj, Guatemala
Coordinación de Ong y Cooperativas (CONGCOOP), Guatemala
The Copper Country Guatemala Accompaniment Project (CCGAP), U.S.
Crude Accountability, U.S.
Derecho, Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (DAR), Peru
Development International, U.S.
Earth Guardians, U.S.
Nelson Escobar Ruiz, Guatemala
Festivales Solidarios, Guatemala
Fondo de Acción Urgente para América Latina y el Caribe, Latin America
FONGI – Foro de ONGs Internacionales en Guatemala, Guatemala
France Amérique Latine, France
Friends of the Earth United States, U.S.
Friendship Office of the Americas, U.S.
Front Line Defenders, Ireland
Frontera Water Protectors, U.S.
Fundación para el Debido Proceso/Due Process of Law Foundation (DPLF), U.S.
Gender Action, U.S.
Global Labor Justice, U.S.
Global Witness, U.K. / International
Guatemala Human Rights Commission U.S.
Guatemalanetz Bern, Switzerland
Guatemala-Netz Zürich, Switzerland
Guatemala Partnership Committee, Congregational Church of Needham, U.S.
Heart of the Sky Fair Trade, U.S.
Human Rights Defenders Project, U.S.
Indigenous Climate Action, Canada
Indigenous Environmental Network, U.S.
Indigenous Goddess Gang of the Diné (Navajo) Nation, U.S.
International Rivers, U.S.
International Accountability Project, Global
InterReligious Task Force on Central America and Colombia, U.S.
Jennifer Casolo -geógrafa, U.S.
KAIROS: Canadian Ecumenical Justice Initiatives, Canada
Kickapoo Guatemala Accompainment Project (KGAP), U.S.
Km207 Guatemala-Suisse, Switzerland
Leocadio Juracán, Diputado, Guatemala
The Maritimes-Guatemala Breaking the Silence Network, Canada
Mining Injustice Solidarity Network (MISN), Canada
Movimiento de Reconciliación, Austria
Network in Solidarity with the People of Guatemala (NISGUA), U.S.
OTROS MUNDOS A.C., Mexico
Parlamento del Pueblo Xinka, Guatemala
El Projet Accompagnement Québec-Guatemala (PAQG), Canada
Peace Watch Switzerland (PWS), Switzerland
Perifèries del Món, Spain
Plataforma Internacional contra la Impunidad, Switzerland
Prensa Comunitaria, Guatemala
Programa Interdisciplinario de Investigación en Espacios, Políticas y Sociedades del Centro de Estudios Interdisciplinarios de la Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Argentina
Protection International, Belgium
Protection International Mesoamérica, Guatemala
Public Service Alliance of Canada, Canada
Red por la Justicia Ambiental, Colombia
Resistencia Pacífica La Puya, Guatemala
Resistencia Pacífica Santa Rosa, Jalapa y Jutiapa, Guatemala
Sandra Sanchez, Guatemala
School of the Americas Watch, U.S.
Solidaridad de Austria con Guatemala, Austria
Südwind Entwicklungspolitik, Austria
Terre et Liberté pour Arauco, France
The Santa Elena Project of Accompaniment (SEPA), U.S.
Welthaus Viena, Austria
WIDE – Red de Mujeres y Desarrollo, Austria
WoMin African Alliance, South Africa